Posts Tagged ‘Orrest Head’

Stool End is a sheep farm in the bleak but spectacular valley of Great Langdale in Westmorland. It is much beloved as the subject of photography by the walkers in the Lake District. It was and is a mountain sheep farm. Throughout the third quarter of the nineteenth century the farmer at Stool End was John Grisdale.

Stool End Farm, Great Langdale

Stool End Farm, Great Langdale

Grasmere Church

Grasmere Church

John was the second child of the farmer Joseph Grisdale I wrote about recently (see here). He was baptized in St. Oswald’s church in Grasmere where in the adjoining Dove Cottage William and Dorothy Wordsworth were living at that time. He spent his early years on a farm somewhere in Grasmere/Langland and then in Staveley near Kendal, but in about 1824 when John was sixteen the family came back to become tenants at Orrest Head farm near Windermere, where John would have helped his father Joseph.

John married Ann Airey in Windermere church on 6 June 1831. Now he had to establish himself as a farmer, which like his father involved several moves while his seven children were being born. First they farmed Black Moss farm just outside Windermere before moving for a very short period to the east of Kendal, to Old Hutton where they had a small farm at Eskrigg End.

Then probably in the summer of 1851  the family made its way back to near where it started and became the farmers at Stool End Farm in Langdale. Here in 1851 their seventh (surviving) child, Jeremiah, was born; he was baptized in Langdale’s Holy Trinity church on 29 June.

The family remained the tenants at Stool End for over twenty years. Sometime in the 1870s John finished his hard life as a mountain sheep farmer and retired with his wife and their son John to a former smithy called Winterseeds, just north of the village of Grasmere. Ann died in 1880 and John in 1884 aged seventy-eight.

Here are some more pictures:

Winterseeds Grasmere

Winterseeds Grasmere

 

stool end map 3

Map showing Stool End (bottom)

 

looking across stool end

Stool End in the distance

 

stool end 7

Stool End

 

 

langdale 4

Langdale

 

Great Langdale

Great Langdale

Langdale Holy Trinity 1857 built

Langdale Holy Trinity built in 1857

little eskrigg end farm

Little Eskrigg End farm, Old Hutton

great langdale

Great Langdale

 

stool end new 2

Stool End

 

stool end new

Stool End

 

stool end langdale

Stool End

 

 

I thought I’d try something a little different. Over the next few weeks I’ll try to tell just a little about one long line of Grisdales who farmed for centuries in different parts of the Lake District. As there are few documents or interesting anecdotes, I’ll do this by focussing on their farms and by using photographs and paintings to give an impression of the places they lived and worked. Towards the end I’ll give a few genealogical pointers. Let’s start with Orrest Head Farm near Windermere.

Orrest Head lies just a mile or so up a hill from the village of Windermere in Westmorland. When you get to the top on a clear day there is a wonderful panorama over the lake of Windermere and to the high Langland Pikes on the other side. In 1930 the great Lakeland walker and writer Alfred Wainwright first visited the Lake District from his home in Blackburn. Leaving the train at Windermere he climbed the path that starts just outside the station and goes to Orrest Head. He wrote later in his autobiography:

Suddenly, we emerged from the trees and were on a bare headland, and, as though a curtain had dramatically been torn aside, beheld a truly magnificent view…

‘So enchanted was he by the views of fells and lakes that they changed his life.’ Eventually he was able to move to the Lakes and started to write his pictorial guides.

Orrest Head Farm

Orrest Head Farm

In the nineteenth century just before one got to the viewpoint there were a few farms. One rather unsurprisingly was, and still is, called Orrest Head Farm. For a great part of the mid nineteenth century the tenant farmer there was called Joseph Grisdale. Actually the farm had two houses; in one lived the wealthy ‘squire’ John Braithwaite with some servants – Braithwaite owned the farm – and in the other lived Joseph Grisdale with his family, who actually farmed the land – which meant mostly sheep rearing.

The BBC visited the farm in 1986 and wrote:

A typical farmer’s day at Orrest Head  farm will depend on the time of year.  Throughout the year he will get up at 6.30 a.m. to milk the cows and then have his breakfast at 8.30 a.m. In spring, much of his day will be spent  with the new lambs. Most of them are left outside and only those which are ill or without a mother are brought in to the warmth of the farm. Once they are strong enough, they rejoin the flock.

In summer, hay and silage making are the main tasks; often he does not get to bed until 1.0 a.m. In autumn he is mainly concerned with selling the lambs at the local market in Kendal, while in winter, all the repair work around the farm is undertaken, such as mending the miles of drystone walls  and repairing broken fencing.

John Braithwaite was a local worthy and benefactor of Windermere church. When he died in 1854 a memorial inscription was placed in the church:

John Braithwaite of Orrest Head in 1846 by William Bowness

John Braithwaite of Orrest Head in 1846 by William Bowness

In memory of John Braithwaite of Orrest Head Esquire, whose love of God and man prompted him to munificent acts in furtherance of education and religion, this monument is erected by friends and neighbours desirous to record their grateful sense of his benefactions and their esteem for his virtues. A sound understanding, kindly affections and firm integrity were united in him with a singular modesty, and rendered him, both in public and in private, useful, be- loved, and respected. For the benefit of the poor around him he added at his private cost an aisle to St. Mary’s chapel, Birthwaite; and dying on the 1st of March A.D. 1854 left the endowments herewith inscribed to promote the improved education of youth in this and adjacent parishes. His mortal remains are interred on the south outside this church in which he was for many years a devout and constant worshipper; his whole life bearing witness that he was a sincere, a humble, and a faithful Christian. Bequests of Mr. Braithwaite £2000 to the trustees of the endowed school, Bowness, the annual proceeds to be applied as an exhibition to St. John’s College, Cambridge, tenable for four years by a youth born in Applethwaite or Undermillock, educated two years in the said school and nominated by a majority of the trustees thereof; and during vacancy of exhibition, in any manner for the benefit of the said school, or of any youth or youths under the age of twenty five years who shall have been educated thereat, according to the discretion of the said trustees. £1200 to the same; the annual proceeds of one moiety to be applied towards the salary of an undermaster of the boys, of the other moiety to be applied to the salary of the mistress of the girls. £1000 to the trustees of the school for Great and Little Langdale; £1000 – for Troutbeck; £1000 -at Birthwaite ; £1000 at Ings. In the last four cases the annual proceeds to be applied as an increase to the salary of the master or otherwise for the benefit of the school according to the discretion of the respective trustees. The above bequests were left free of legacy duty.

At the time of Braithwaite’s death Joseph Grisdale had lived alongside him at Orrest Head Farm for about thirty years. In the same church there is a much more modest memorial to the first wife of one of Joseph’s sons called Jerimiah:

Sacred memory of Elizabeth Wife of Jeremiah Grisdale of Orrest -Head who died February 24th 1839 Aged 24. Weep not for me my Husband dear, I am not dead but sleeping here; My Glass is run, My Grave you see, Prepare for Death, and follow me.

Modern Painting of view towards farms at Orrest Head

Modern Painting of view towards farms at Orrest Head

Joseph Grisdale was born in Wythburn in Cumberland in 1778 the son of farmer Joseph Grisdale and his wife Sarah Graves. The family of course originally came from Matterdale and we can trace it with certainty back to 1600 if not before. I might return to Joseph the Wythburn farmer at a later date. It’s possible that after the death of his wife Sarah in 1788 Joseph senior moved with the family to the Grasmere area of Westmorland. Whatever the case it was in Grasmere church that son Joseph married a local farming girl called Margaret Coward in 1803.

At first Joseph and his wife Margaret farmed or worked on a farm somewhere nearby; I believe in Langdale. Then they moved to farm in Staveley near Kendal before finally arriving at Orrest Head Farm in about 1824; they had already had ten children and three more were soon to be born at Orrest Head. I’ll follow their second son John, born in Grasmere in 1806, in the next article. He farmed in the higher mountains at Stool End Farm in Langdale.

Just before his death Joseph moved to the Westmorland village of Crook where he died in 1861 aged eighty-three.

For Joseph’s father Joseph see here. For his son John see here.

Here are some more photographs and paintings of Orrest Head.

 

plaque

Orrest Head Large

View in winter

 

view from orrest head by robin lowry

view from orrest head by robin lowry

 

Windermere. from Oorrest Head - James BakerPyne. Lithograph by W Gauci

Windermere. from Orrest Head – James Baker Pyne. Lithograph by W Gauci